The June 2009 Iranian elections represent a profound change in Iran’s history, due to the political language used, the Iranian people’s massive participation in both the electoral campaign and the elections themselves, and the mobilization that has followed them. These elections have made clear the internal transformations that the country has undergone in recent years. For the first time since the revolution, state television has had the function of being a vehicle for open political confrontation. The freedom of expression that the candidates used during the electoral campaign prompted a more massive election turnout. Indeed, turnout at the 2009 elections was high (approximately 80%), thus bucking the trend compared with the 2005 elections. Although lacking a veritable political ideology, the protest movement against Ahmadinejad’s victory does appear to threaten the supremacy and very legitimacy of the government and the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei.