China is one of most the controversially discussed international players of today. The events on Tiananmen Square in June 1989 have lastingly tainted the image of the CCP leadership abroad and has led to misperceptions about China’s internal political landscape. Yet, today as the position of the CCP is weaker than ever before the government’s failure cannot be in anyone’s interest. With its pragmatic orientation without a formally differentiated political system, the leadership is doomed to perform efficiently and bring social and economic development forward. However, in international affairs Beijing has earned itself a reputation of implementing “going-it-alone” policies and although it is in China’s interest to cooperate internationally on global governance issues, Beijing has been slow in committing itself to formal cooperation. A non-committal foreign policy will in Beijing’s view provide China with scope for action to react fast to internal and external needs and the policy brief below will explain where and how.