Donald Trump’s Republican presidential nomination and the Brexit have shocked and somehow caught by surprise the entire world. A growing sense of concern or even alarm is now spreading across Western countries and is putting traditional democratic processes to the test.
In particular, when looking at the political landscape in Europe, populism may turn out to be an unprecedented game-changer. Populists parties came to power in Poland and Hungary, they are in coalition governments in Switzerland and Finland, top the polls in France and the Netherlands, and their support is at record highs in Sweden. Not to mention the recent rise of Alternative für Deutschland in Germany and the successful story of Syriza, Podemos and of the FSM in Southern Europe.
The Report explores the rise of populism in Europe and the US by analyzing its root causes, the rationale behind its success, its impact on traditional political parties and, more broadly, on Western democracies. It also draws some policy recommendations to tackle this widespread challenge.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Populism and the Crisis of Representative Democracy, Alberto Martinelli
2. UKIP and Front National: Different Paths to Populism, Matthew Goodwin
3. Five Strs Movement, Syriza and Podemos: A Mediterranean Model?, Paolo Segatti and Francesco Capuzzi
4. The "Demand Side" of Populism: The Case of Poland, Piotr Sztompka
5. Made in USA: Populism Beyond Europe, Kirk Hawkins with Rebecca Dudley and Wen Jie (Fred) Tan
CONCLUSIONS. POLICY IMPLICATIONS FOR THE EU, Alberto Martinelli