Post-conflict democratisation processes in Sub-Saharan Africa imply difficult challenges for the actors involved. The main difficulties stem from the nature of African politics and the post-colonial legacy of African states. The dire economic conditions in which independent African states had to operate make democratic efforts more complicated, given the nature of the electoral processes which are too often based on a winner-takes-all electoral rule that fits European political settings but less so African political frameworks.
The case of Uganda is an interesting example of how post-conflict democratisation often yields unsatisfactory results: in each phase of the post-independence democratisation process, the winner-takes-all setting of Ugandan politics has implied the creation of bitter minorities that have proved to be fertile grounds for subsequent revolts. Post-conflict solutions should thus take into account the issue of inclusion of individuals and communities in the construction of democratic institutions.