The Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings culminated peacefully because their respective national armies ensured as much as possible an orderly transition; on the contrary, in Libya the national army collapsed and the uprising rapidly turned itself into civil war among armed Libyan factions. While the Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings challenged the regimes at their center stages, symbolically occupying the heart of respective capital cities, in Libya the rebellion was located in Benghazi far away from the center of Qadhafi’s power. The Cyrenaica uprising was intended in Tripoli as a revolt of eastern part of the country against the western region. The international military intervention was in actuality crucial to determine the final victory of rebels. The humanitarian intervention complicated rather than solved the Libyan crisis to the extent that it fueled not only the interregional confrontation between Tripolitania and Cyrenaica, but also the factionalism inside both regions.
Collège de France