Russia has always retained a special place in its foreign policy agenda for the so-called near abroad. The country’s recent revival and self-confidence, and the war in Georgia have provided it with the occasion to revise its position towards these countries. In particular, the frozen conflicts in Azerbaijan and Moldova are the most obvious examples of this recent posture. While embodied in its new foreign policy doctrine, Russia’s attitude on the near abroad is today characterised by a more active diplomacy aimed at solving the two territorial disputes and, concurrently, by a strong militarisation drive. But which are the prospects for success of such politics?