Rwanda has made impressive progress since the 1994 genocide, which killed 800,000 in three months leaving the country shattered, and is now increasingly seen as a success story. Indeed, the country is peaceful and safe, it has experienced sustained economic growth and many socioeconomic indicators have improved, partly thanks to massive aid flows.
These gains have been largely achieved through a top-down approach to development. A key feature of Rwanda’s progress is considered to be good governance and particularly anti-corruption: in this field Rwanda has made remarkable gains and is now accounted as one of the least corrupt countries in Africa. This paper investigates the state of corruption in Rwanda and analyses its anti-corruption policies, questioning whether the good results gained so far through the top-down approach are sustainable in the long term if transparency, accountability and participation are not enhanced.
*Alessandro Bozzini is GIZ Technical Advisor, Rwanda