Over the last few years, Turkey seems to have embraced the East again. Ankara’s closer relations with Eurasian countries go hand in hand with the international trend to move eastwards, towards the ever-growing and most dynamic region in the world. They are also the result of an increasing differentiation of Turkey’s foreign relations, driven by strategic, economic and energy interests. Stronger ties with the Eurasian countries, i.e. Russia and China, are also the litmus test for the ups and downs in relations with the Washington and Brussels. While Ankara still retains strong ties with the West, it is laying the groundwork to further widen its interests to the East.
This report aims to analyse the multi-faceted aspects of Ankara’s Eurasian shift, highlighting domestic drivers of Turkey’s “Eurasianism”, the interests at stake, the areas of cooperation and competition, and last but not least the implications for the EU.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Paolo Magri
1. Discourses and Politics of Eurasianism in Turkey during the 2000s, Oktay Tanrısever
2. Turkey's Main Security Drivers in Eurasia, F. Stephen Larrabee
3. The Russo-Turkish Entente: A Tactical Embrace Along Strategic and Geopolitical Convergences, Carlo Frappi
4. Turkey's Geo-Economic Projection and Energy Interests in Central Asia, Fabio Indeo
5. Turkey and China: Towards a Strategic Partnership?, Valeria Talbot