The war in Ukraine, where Ankara plays a mediation role between Moscow and Kyiv, may produce changes in Turkey’s international posture and relations. This comes at a time of recalibration of Turkey’s foreign policy: the normalisation of diplomatic relations has become the main driver behind Ankara’s action in its neighbourhood, especially in the Middle East and North Africa region. After years of assertive and muscular policy against the backdrop of intense regional competition, Turkey seems on a path to reconciliation with longstanding rivals — including Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates — with mixed results thus far. What are the main drivers behind these changes? Where do Turkey’s main interests lie? What are the implications of Turkey’s normalisation efforts for regional geopolitical dynamics? How might this new foreign policy approach impact the MENA crises wherein Ankara is involved as well as its regional and international standing?