The creation of a national unity government in Zimbabwe, following the elections of 28th March 2008 and many months of difficult negotiations, seems to have brought hopes of reconstruction for a country ravaged by ten years of deep recession and the devastating breakdown of its productive structure. In the task of reconstructing the country, the government will have to untangle some unresolved issues: its relationship with international donors, the land issue, sanctions and the exploitation of national mineral resources. Besides these economic measures the government will be tasked with tackling important political challenges, such as the drafting of a new Constitution and the reestablishment of the rule of law. The government, created over a complicated compromise amongst key players, will have to deal with issues that deeply divide the two main political actors. This Policy Brief analyses how the priorities for government action risk becoming a test for the spirit of national unity.