2023 will be a crucial year for Iran on the domestic, the regional and the international stages. The challenges the country will face in each of these key areas and how the establishment will handle them will shape the future of Iran for years to come.
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The fundamental challenge in achieving a sustainable resolution of the current conflict in Yemen is that the issues at stake are fundamental to Yemen’s identity and history. In fact, it reflects the core issues that have undermined peace and security in the country since at least the 1960s when a successful revolution in North Yemen ended the millennium-old imamate and a quasi-Marxist revolt in the south ended Britain’s protectorate.
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is one of the world’s most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Over the past three decades, temperatures in the region have risen by 1.5°C, twice the global increase of 0.7°C, and climate models estimate a continuous rise in temperature over the region towards the end of the century.
At the 21st United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Paris in December 2015 (COP21), 195 countries adopted the Paris Agreement – the first universal and legally binding global climate agreement.
On November 8, Americans will be called to vote for a variety of federal, State, and local offices. Like every two years, the entire House of Representatives and 1/3 of the Senate (34 senators + 1 special vote in Oklahoma) will be up for election. At the State level, 88 of 99 legislative chambers – Nebraska having the only unicameral system – will hold elections, and 36 gubernatorial seats will also be on the ballot (there were only 11 in 2020).
It’s been just over a month since the first Iranian-made Shahed-136 drone (rebranded in Russian colours as the “Geran-2”) was intercepted by Ukrainian forces near Kupians, in the Kharkiv Oblast. This episode marked the first evidence of Russia’s rumoured wide-scale deployment of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV’s, or “drones”), manufactured and supplied by Iran (still officially denied by Tehran) for its military effort in Ukraine.
On the occasion of the publication of the ISPI-McKinsey & Company annual report on “Digitalization for Sustainable Infrastructure: the Race Ahead”
As the 20th CCP Congress is about to begin, expectations are increasing over the future of China’s international engagement. A series of internal issues needs to be tackled urgently – including the unexpected wave of Covid-19 putting the government in front of a delicate trade-off between public health and economic recovery – and the world is wondering if and how these latter will impact on China’s international involvement.