Although the greenhouse effect caused by human activities was recognised by science long ago, climate change only entered the international political agenda in the late 1970s. It took even longer for the international community to adopt an international treaty that set some common rules aimed at reducing emissions and adapting to climate adverse effects. Indeed, the UN climate regime was only formed in the early 1990s and since then it has constantly evolved through negotiation processes that have led to the adoption of new treaties and protocols.
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The 2017 to 2021 Parliament has not been plain sailing for Germany’s ruling Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU). In late 2018, Angela Merkel announced her intention to step down from the CDU leadership, after disappointing state election results in Bavaria and Hesse.
The G20 Digital Ministers are meeting in Trieste on 5 August. How to ensure a smooth digital transformation? How to reap the economic and social benefits of digitalisation by leaving no one behind?
As the world scrambles to avert climate disaster, momentum towards a green energy transition is growing. Countries that have relied on fossil fuels to power their homes and economies for more than a century are investing in a new kind of future: one where access to clean technologies gives an economic advantage to those that deploy them first. Build back better – or build back greener – is about changing the paradigm in a world that is already disrupted.
The MED This Week newsletter provides expert analysis and informed insights on the most significant developments in the MENA region, bringing together unique opinions on the topic and reliable foresight on future scenarios. Today, we focus on Iran, where the Chief Justice Ebrahim Raisi emerged victorious in the last presidential election, with potentially far-reaching consequences for the Islamic Republic and its relations with the rest of the world.
Seventeen elements in the periodic table – the so-called “rare earths” – play a major role in the calculations and strategies of various nations. In many ways, rare earths are the vitamins of industrial society in the 21st century: they are vital to key products from hi-tech items (smartphones and monitors) to energy conversion systems (wind turbines, photovoltaic panels and electrical machinery) and even military equipment (lasers and radar). The difficulties involved in replacing them with alternative materials make rare earths uniquely strategic resources.
Taiwan has long been one of the most essential actors for the global semiconductor manufacturing industry, with the world’s largest and most advanced semiconductor foundry, the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), and a top fabless integrated circuit (IC) design company, MediaTek. TSMC accounted for over 50% of the 2020 global semiconductor foundry market on top of being the only chipmaker that has mastered the 5nm chip production alongside its rival, South Korea’s Samsung Electronics.
The Paris Agreement (PA) sets an ambitious objective of limiting the global temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, with the intention to limit it at 1.5°C. Achieving these targets requires a massive decarbonization of the world economy, which still heavily relies on polluting fossil fuels. Despite 30 years of negotiations under the United Nations – the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was agreed on in 1992 -, global energy related CO2 emissions have increased since then by over 50% (IEA, 2021).
What drives Russia’s foreign policy in Vladimir Putin’s times? Why did the Kremlin decide to annex Crimea, occupy South Ossetia, intervene in Syria, or give its blessing to Nord Stream II?
In the shade of the Parthenon, on the eve of tourist season, there is an atmosphere of mixed feelings.