Even before the conflict in Ukraine, the liberal state model looked much less attractive for the broader Middle East region than it had only a decade earlier, at the height of the Arab Spring. The failures of Western efforts in Iraq, Libya, and above all in Afghanistan, where there had been the greatest international attempt to create a state that could combine local traditions and liberal ideals, contributed to this shift in sentiment.
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The MED This Week newsletter provides expert analysis and informed insights upon the most significant developments within the MENA region, bringing together unique opinions on the topic and reliable foresight on possible future scenarios. Today, we turn the spotlight on Yemen, where the expiry of a six-month ceasefire threatens to rekindle the war and aggravate the condition of millions of people.
After years shaped by enormous economic difficulties –aggravated by a devastating COVID-19 pandemic– and growing diplomatic isolation, Brazil is heading towards a presidential election which will have a profound impact on the country’s place in the world.
With about six weeks to go until the 2022 U.S.
In recent years, the topic of rebel governance has received increased attention in academic research and beyond. Notably, there has been a greater focus on Islamist rebel governance—i.e. on cases where militant Islamist groups come to control swaths of territory, in contexts of war and/or insurgency.
The US attempts at reforming the Iraqi armed forces after the invasion of 2003 reflected a state centric view that emphasized that only Iraq’s national army should maintain the monopoly on the use of armed violence within the nation — informed by Max Weber’s often quoted definition as the state serving as the ultimate claimant to “the monopoly of the legitimate use of violence within a given territory.” Since 2003, observers, critics, and commentators of the US efforts to rebuild the Iraqi military and the actual military trainers and impleme
With the beginning of the popular uprising in Syria in early 2011 and of the armed conflict later in 2012, the Assad regime found itself in need of more human power to try to control local communities and suppress demonstrations. To do so, the regime militarized the population by setting up local militias — not only to be at the forefront of the military struggle against the opposition, but also to gain complete and blind support from the local communities.
The MED This Week newsletter provides expert analysis and informed comments on the MENA region’s most significant issues and trends. Today, we turn the spotlight upon Egypt-Qatar relations, as we look at President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi’s inaugural visit to Doha after a four-year rift between the two countries.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is endangering the international world order, so much so that NATO and the European Union have recognized Russia as a main threat to their collective security. Meanwhile, Russia’s warmongering has propelled Finland and Sweden into applying for NATO membership.