Fabio Petito is Senior Associate Research Fellow in ISPI and Head of the "Religions and International Relations" Programme promoted by ISPI and the Freedom of Religion or Belief & Foreign Policy Initiative (FoRB&FPI), University of Sussex - UK. He is Senior Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Sussex. He has taught at SOAS in London, the ESCP-EAP in Paris and at ‘L’Orientale’ in Naples.
Risultati della ricerca:
The Wagner Group—Russia’s most prolific and infamous private military company (PMC)—formed during Russia’s 2014 invasion of Ukraine, a mission that was influential in establishing Russia’s growing strategy of pursuing state goals through deniable PMC activities.
The most plausible scenarios of Russia’s development (or degradation) are inertial. However, sometimes this development becomes abrupt, and shocks appear. Like, for example, the capture of Crimea in 2014, the nullification of Putin's terms and the poisoning of Alexei Navalny in 2020, or the beginning of the “special operation” in 2022. There have already been several shocks within the war. For the population of Russia, in addition to the start of the war itself, the second shock is the partial mobilisation.
On 24 February 2022, the modern world as we used to know it changed. Russia’s attack on Ukraine has created a huge humanitarian crisis, bringing war back to the heart of Europe after several decades of peace and sending shock waves through global energy markets.
The Russian aggression against Ukraine, the sanctions on Russian oil and coal and Russia’s gas supply stop has forced Germany to reassess its energy and climate policy and to redefine priorities in the energy trilemma sustainability- supply security-economic competitiveness. Before the war, Germany clearly prioritized climate sustainability and the electrification/decarbonization of the economy. Meanwhile, it considered fossil energy-especially gas- security stable and secure and competitiveness increasingly a function of the energy transformation.
Over the last twenty years, the European Union (EU) has developed strong credentials in tackling climate and sustainable development-related issues, having actively contributed to the achievement of milestone international agreements and been the frontrunner in the design and implementation of climate and environmental policies at large.
This contribution is based on a policy paper published by the author in July 2022 reflecting on France’s energy future available here (in French).
Emissions from light duty vehicle transport (which includes cars and vans) account for 16% of global CO2 emissions from the energy sector and have been continuously increasing at a global level. Electric vehicles offer a cost effective and efficient solution for the decarbonisation of this sector. The IEA’s Tracking Clean Energy Progress categorises electric vehicles as one of the very few technologies that is on track with net zero by 2050 pathway requirements.
What are the ‘health conditions’ of international trade? Since the outbreak of the war in Ukraine, the future of globalisation has been debated. The conflict sparked an economic shock, with energy prices skyrocketing and 'bottlenecks' emerging along some key supply chains related to agricultural commodities. The dialogue between non-western powers, as opposed to typically Euro-Atlantic for a, such as G7 and NATO, suddenly turned tense.
The current motto of Indonesia’s G20 presidency is “recover together, recover stronger”.