Il 25 novembre 2018 si è consumato il primo scontro militare diretto tra le forze armate russe e quelle ucraine dall’inizio del conflitto. Fino a quel momento, la Russia ha sostenuto che il conflitto era sostanzialmente un conflitto interno all’Ucraina, pur avendo ammesso  alla fine del 2015 la presenza militare russa nei territori orientali del paese, controllati dai ribelli.
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Elections, when free and fair, are regular and legitimate occasions to vie for power in a democratic country. In order to compete and to be elected, political competitors, usually organized into parties or movements, must follow the democratic principles that rule electoral competitions.
Il paese attraversa una fase di crescente incertezza, dovuta principalmente alla decisione statunitense di uscire dall’accordo sul nucleare (Jcpoa, Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action). Con le stime che parlano di una recessione nei periodi 2019/2020 e 2020/2021 a causa del crollo previsto della rendita petrolifera, conseguenza del ripristino delle sanzioni statunitensi, a pesare sembra essere soprattutto lo spettro di un nuovo isolamento economico.
FOCAC – the Forum on China-Africa cooperation – meets every three years and allows for a stock-taking of the agenda. By 2018, virtually all African countries (except for Swaziland) engage with Mainland China, which is Africa’s biggest trade partner, a large investor, and a donor with substantial importance for African development. It is, indeed, important to know where Chinese interests move.
“I have a message for the people of Iran: The United States hears you; the United States supports you; the United States is with you.” It is July 22, Sunday night in California. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo delivers a speech at the Ronald Reagan library in Simi Valley. The event title seems an eloquent call for action: “Supporting Iranian Voices”. Pompeo addresses the “Iranian people” 17 times in his speech.
At the end of 2016, the outgoing Obama administration issued several decisions and executive orders as part of countermeasures designed to punish Russia for its interference in the US Presidential election. Following up on its experience with similar measures against Chinese and Iranian cyber experts, the US government published a list
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan represents a key partner and reliable ally for NATO, playing vital roles on NATO’s Southern flank, as a moderate force in a tumultuous region. But the kingdom also remains aid-dependent, resource-poor, and subject to crises from within and without. Yet, despite its longstanding partnership with NATO and with Western countries in general, the kingdom is too often neglected and under-valued.
The Middle East rarely plays a central role in NATO summits and the coming one, convened in Brussels on 11 and 12 July, will be no exception. Given the current diplomatic environment, the Brussels Summit will be primarily about reassuring the international community that transatlantic ties (whatever happens with regards to the nuclear deal with Iran, or the emerging trade war between the US and Europe) still translate into a strong NATO.
Regardless the final composition of the next Iraqi coalition government, NATO will have to interact with an executive part interested in maintaining the militias, their base of power. As a matter of fact, Security Sector Reform (SSR) in Iraq may appear as a national issue, but in reality the structure of Iraq's armed forces has implications for the whole region, including the Mediterranean, which is the "Southern", and in some cases also the "Eastern" flank of NATO.
Who are the candidates for the Turkish presidency? And what policies do they want to implement?