The Houthi Movement, known officially as Ansar Allah, is a Zaydi revivalist movement that takes its name from its eponymous founder, Hussein al-Houthi. Leadership of the movement remains in the hands of the al-Houthi family and especially Abd al-Malik al-Houthi.
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L’approfondimento si inserisce nel dibattito internazionale che si è sviluppato attorno alla presunta perdita d’influenza russa nel proprio immediato vicinato, dibattito riaccesosi di recente a seguito delle crisi politiche scoppiate nella seconda metà del 2020 in Bielorussia, Kirghizistan e Armenia. Vengono esaminate dunque le politiche di Mosca nel proprio vicinato muovendo dai suoi due obiettivi di lungo periodo: mantenere un ruolo egemonico nello spazio post-sovietico e promuovere la costituzione di un nuovo equilibrio multipolare dello scenario politico internazionale.
Il persistere della pandemia da Covid-19 e l’impatto negativo che questa sta avendo sull’economia e sulle dinamiche sociopolitiche interne rimangono i principali fattori caratterizzanti l’attuale situazione in Algeria.
Ten years after the Arab Spring, Egypt has become more authoritarian than ever. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who came to power through a military coup in June 2013, has reconstructed the country into a military-police state.
If the protests that began in Egypt on January 25, 2011, resulted in a coup-volution, then what has developed since can only be called a populocracy. The military exploited a genuine popular movement in 2011 to unseat President Hosni Mubarak, who had threatened the military’s primordial place in the state by grooming his son and his coalition of civilian business elites for succession.
Armed Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), most commonly known as “drones”, are making headlines due to their increasing use in conflicts around the world and, especially, in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Besides their specific military impact and their consequences for warfare, drones might also have important implications for political and security dynamics in a context of both state fragility and deepening interstate rivalry across the region.
Space activities are expanding globally, with a record number of countries and commercial actors investing in space programmes. Never before has there been so much interest in the space economy, with satellites in orbit registered in over 80 countries. Ever more down-to-earth activities are derived from satellite signals and data, contributing to new economic activities often far removed from initial investments in space infrastructure.
Egypt’s formal political scene is tightly controlled as President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi strives to institutionalize military rule. However, the significant role played by different elements of the security sector in shaping the post-2013 political and economic environment risks further politicizing these agencies. The military, along with different intelligence services, constitutes the organizational backbone of Egypt’s political order under el-Sisi.
By 2050, 68% of the world’s population is expected to live in cities, with almost 90% of the growth in urban population happening in Asia and Africa. Facing rapid urbanization, governments are increasingly adopting smart city initiatives as solutions for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially SDG 11-Sustainable Cities and Communities. ICT-based urban management has the potential to maximize the benefits of agglomeration, while minimizing negative impacts like pollution.
Asked about which national idea his country most needed, Vladimir Putin responded on multiple occasions that “Patriotism is the only possible ideology” for Russia. In the Russian political glossary, “patriotic” is almost synonymic to “nationalism”, adding a nuance of some kind of supremacy and/or victimization of the nation compared with competing countries, rather than just a generic love for the motherland.