Shortly after the Taliban took over Afghanistan last year, the longest war in US history almost immediately vanished from international public debate. For a few weeks, between late August and early September 2021, news and images of the Taliban’s control of Kabul made the headlines, sparking indignation across many Western countries. Nevertheless, by late September, both the long war and the situation on the ground started to attract less and less attention.
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One year after the Taliban’s takeover, politics and diplomacy are of the utmost importance to deal with developments in Afghanistan, which stand in striking contrast to the expectations of a large part of the international community in the aftermath of August 15th, 2021.
On August 9th, Kenya will hold its seventh national election since the reintroduction of multiparty competition in the early 1990s.
On August 9th, 2022 Kenyans will vote for a new President. It will be the third time a President will be leaving office after his term is over. President Daniel arap Moi ruled the country for 24 years, ten after the Constitution was changed to open the country to multipartism and to cap presidential terms to two. He argued that, after changing the Constitution, he qualified for a new start, which he was granted.
The Kenya general elections will be held in early August – when Kenyans will have an opportunity to elect a new President and representatives to the National Assembly, Senate, and devolved County Assemblies. These elections will be Kenya’s seventh since the introduction of multi-party politics in 1992, and the third since the promulgation of a new constitution that significantly altered the structure and architecture of the Kenyan state in 2010.
Kenya has had six multiparty elections since 1991 when the one-party state ended, following pressure from civil society and donors. All elections since then have been high-stakes ethnic contests.
As Kenyans head to general elections on 9 August 2022, attention is largely focused on a tight presidential race. However, many of the lower level races are also fiercely contested.
The MED This Week newsletter provides expert analysis and informed comments upon the MENA region's most significant issues and trends. Today we place the spotlight upon Iraq, where an extended political crisis has abruptly resulted in the occupation of the Iraqi parliament by the supporters of the influential leader Muqtada al-Sadr, and a potential confrontation between different Shia factions.
The summer of 2022 has – like many summers before – been a catalyst of the Libyan population’s fatigue. On 1-2 July 2022, young Libyans took to the streets cross-country in a show of raw popular frustration.
The long-anticipated tenth Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (RevCon), which began only two days ago, on 1 August, comes at a time of precarity within the nuclear non-proliferation regime.