The year 2011 marks the twentieth anniversary of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In 1991 fifteen states emerged from the Union, each with its own specificities and each with challenging tasks ahead: to maintain public order, to rebuild identities, societies, laws and economic systems. In a nutshell, fifteen parallel processes of state and nation building started simultaneously, with a wide set of outputs.
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Il 2010 è stato caratterizzato da un ritorno alla crescita economica: dopo la contrazione del 2009 (-0,5%), il PIL mondiale è tornato a crescere (5,0%), così come le principali economie occidentali, seppur con ritmi differenti.
2011 will be a momentous year for Sudan, North and South alike. The forthcoming referendum in the South, scheduled for January 9th, must be considered a watershed in Sudan’s history. If the secession option wins and the North accepts the vote outcome, Southern Sudan will go ahead with its independence process. But the challenges an independent Government of South Sudan will have to answer are many and multifaceted.
Japanese foreign policy is based on two linchpins – Japan’s alliance with the USA and regional cooperation.
While independence seems to be the foregone outcome of the January referendum on Southern Sudan’s self-determination, the real question is whether the country’s separation will be violent or pacific in nature. The level of trust between the parties stands at its lowest level since 2005, and while the NCP has embarked on a dangerous policy of brinkmanship, the SPLM/A fears that the Comprehensive Peace Agreement could become the latest in a long list of dishonoured agreements.
In 2010, 17 African nations celebrated the 50th anniversary of their independence. Africa’s records in economic progress and political stability, demography (an ambivalent issue) and education etc. have steadily improved, although the threat of future violence and disruption remains for vast regions. National crises increasingly interact with global affairs, in the Horn and elsewhere. As suggested in the recent book by V.S.
From September 2009 to May 2010, Japan-US relations were dominated by a controversy regarding a 2006 base relocation agreement – the so-called “Futenma issue”. Whereas Japan’s newly-elected government led by the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) requested a re-negotiation of the agreement, Washington wanted to keep the current accord unchanged.
After months of US pressure and US policymakers and scholars presenting the controversy as a “life-or-death” issue for the Japan-US alliance, Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama resigned.
This analysis looks at the recent internal and external developments in Belarus in the light of the incumbent presidential elections.
Although current President Lukashenka is likely to be reconfirmed there slight signs of more liberalisation: 10 opposition candidates will take part in the elections while the government is about to engage in a program of privatization in order to face up the consequences of the economic crisis.
Verso la fine di novembre, alla vigilia di una visita in Germania, Vladimir Putin ha scritto un articolo per la «Sueddeutsche Zeitung» proponendo all’Europa di lanciare insieme alla Russia «una nuova ondata di industrializzazione»: alleanze strategiche dal settore dell’auto al nucleare, un’infinita area di libero scambio tra Lisbona e Vladivostok.
Il 23 novembre il presidente della Federazione Russa Dmitrij Medvedev in un messaggio trasmesso attraverso il suo video-blog ha dichiarato, non senza destare sorpresa, che nella vita politica russa hanno iniziato a comparire «sintomi di stagnazione»: la “stabilità”, perseguita e difesa dall’élite politica russa nell’ultimo decennio, rischia di trasformarsi, appunto, in un fattore di “stagnazione”.