Una Libia debole e fragile, uno stato fallito o due Libie. Questi gli scenari più plausibili a quasi due mesi dall’inizio dell’intervento militare decretato dalla risoluzione 1973 del Consiglio di sicurezza Onu.
Risultati della ricerca:
Il Corno d’Africa è da decenni considerato una delle regioni più instabili di tutta l’Africa sub-sahariana. A tensioni locali di livello etnico, religioso e politico, si sono aggiunti fattori di competizione tra gli stati dell’area per l’egemonia regionale. Negli anni della Guerra fredda, il Corno è stato il principale tra i teatri africani della guerra per procura condotta dalle superpotenze.
La progressiva ascesa di importanza di potenze regionali nel mondo di oggi costituisce la conseguenza diretta della fine del bipolarismo ma anche della crescente globalizzazione di alcuni grandi elementi propulsivi della società contemporanea, come la finanza o l’innovazione tecnologica.
April 2011 elections in Kazakhstan have reinstated the long-running strongman Nursultan Nazarbayev in power. Nazarbayev enjoys genuine popularity in the country with a resource-rich economy, political and social stability and inter-ethnic peace.
On March 13, Russia held the last local elections before the general elections scheduled for December 2011 and the March 2012 presidential elections. As was widely expected, the dominant political party United Russia has confirmed its leadership in the polls. Contrasted by the opposition’s criticism of the low democratic standards in Russia and accompanied by the modernization agenda promoted by President Medvedev, this victory prompts an analysis of the stability of the country’s political system.
China’s assertive international behavior during the recent global economic and financial crisis has raised an important question: has China abandoned its low profile foreign policy, adding a more assertive or indeed aggressive component to it?
This paper argues that while China is rising economically and militarily and increasing its global influence, it is still obsessed with defending what Beijing calls its “core interests” of direct relevance to regime survival, economic development and territorial integrity.
As China’s economy has grown, so has its international presence in a variety of areas, among which the military and security dimension is particularly important. This paper examines China’s increasingly important role both within Asia and at the global level by examining rhetoric, reality and perceptions.
China is arguably in the process of “rising peacefully” and is not - as parts of the literature suggest - a revisionist state. Furthermore, we have no reason to believe that China will jeopardize the economic and social benefits it has gained by accepting and adopting international norms, in attempts to subvert and change international norms and rules. Admittedly China is not a standard status quo state now, nor will it be so in the foreseeable future.
Like the US and Europe, China was caught by surprise by the Arab spring and had to abruptly adapt its foreign policy to events. China is learning from events in North Africa and the Middle East. Support for unstable regimes is something that can have a concrete and immediate negative impact on China’s interests abroad. Such situations can also lead to costly evacuations of the growing numbers of Chinese citizens now working for Chinese companies on large-scale projects around the world.
For most of the postwar era, the world’s most important strategic relationship was that between the United States and the Soviet Union. The two super-powers threatened each other – and the rest of the planet – with the prospect of mutually assured destruction, as their bloated nuclear arsenals held out the possibility of destroying each other several times over.