The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is one of the world’s most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Over the past three decades, temperatures in the region have risen by 1.5°C, twice the global increase of 0.7°C, and climate models estimate a continuous rise in temperature over the region towards the end of the century.
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Egypt hosts the 27th annual UN meeting on climate from 6 to 18 November
Si è aperta ieri a Sharm El Sheikh la 27esima Conferenza delle Nazioni Unite sui cambiamenti climatici, comunemente denominata Cop27. La precedente Conferenza, svoltasi a Glasgow lo scorso autunno, era terminata con l’approvazione di impegni per la riduzione delle emissioni di metano, la protezione delle foreste e la progressiva messa al bando delle fonti fossili. Da allora è passato solamente un anno ma gli equilibri internazionali sono profondamente cambiati.
The big question going into the 2022 midterm election is whether the Democrats, currently in control of the White House and Congress, can avoid the electoral dubbing that basic political conditions portend. Although midterms usually cost the president’s party seats in Congress, the extent of the damage varies widely, with seat swings ranging from +8 to -64 in the House (average, -27), and +3 to -13 in the Senate (average, -4) over the 19 postwar midterms.
On November 8, Americans will be called to vote for a variety of federal, State, and local offices. Like every two years, the entire House of Representatives and 1/3 of the Senate (34 senators + 1 special vote in Oklahoma) will be up for election. At the State level, 88 of 99 legislative chambers – Nebraska having the only unicameral system – will hold elections, and 36 gubernatorial seats will also be on the ballot (there were only 11 in 2020).
The 2022 midterm congressional elections should be good ones for the Republican Party. Capitalizing on President Biden’s unpopularity and voter concerns over inflation, crime, and border security, GOP candidates are widely expected to capture the House of Representatives, and stand at least an even chance of taking the Senate as well. The party, however, stands in many ways at a crossroads in 2022; the outcomes of various races on Election Night will tell much about the party’s agenda, coalition, and prospects going forward.
Since its creation during the 1820s, the Democratic Party has always been a broad coalition of partners with little in common, at least demographically. During the nineteenth century, it brought together white Southerners, rich and poor and nearly all Protestant, with Catholic wage-earners from the industrial North. Until two-thirds of the way through the twentieth century, Democrats retained the loyalty of most whites from Dixie – who abhorred racial equality – while gradually winning over Black and Hispanic voters too.
As the midterm elections approach, immigration is again a powerful flashpoint in the polarised landscape of American politics.
Last September, the House minority leader Kevin McCarthy (R-California) blamed president Biden for making ‘every community a border community’. He may have not accurately described the state of affairs on the ground, but he certainly made it clear that border security, often conflated with crime, is at the centre of the GOP’s electoral rhetoric.
After four turbulent years in the transatlantic partnership under President Trump, the Biden administration aspired to rebuild trust among its allies. Under the slogan “America is back” President Biden and senior officials not only emphasized their commitment to the transatlantic partnership but also proposed a future-oriented agenda to increase institutional innovation and resilience.
Almost exactly sixty years ago John F. Kennedy, a first-term Democratic president from the moderate wing of his party, campaigned across the country to prevent his party from losing control of Congress in the midterm elections. Kennedy had come under fire from the liberal wing of his party, and from African Americans marching for their civil rights, for being too timid in advocating for progressive change, but he was also under pressure from others in his party and beyond to revive a slowing economy.