The Central Asian energy sector is undergoing transformations and uncertainties due to international and regional factors. Internationally, globally low oil prices and the unstable situation in the Persian Gulf and Middle East create tensions over the oil and gas sector.
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Celebrating both the 44th anniversary of their diplomatic ties and the 16th anniversary of their strategic partnership in 2019, EU-China relations are among the most significant in the global arena. From an economic perspective, the EU and China are the largest exporters in the world, with the two blocs accounting for around 30 percent of global trade.
In September 2019, the clash between the United States and China over Beijing’s move to include language referring to the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in the text of a United Nations resolution on Afghanistan made global headlines for the second time in merely six months.
“The fate of those kids was even more pitiable than mine. If there is ever any investigation about victims of the June 4 Massacre, it will be impossible to count victims like this.” The mother of Yuan Li, a graduate student who was shot and killed during the 1989 Tiananmen Massacre, was referring to the two huge black plastic bags packed with bodies waiting to be cremated, that she saw at the funeral home before her son’s ceremony.
Reform of cybersecurity in Europe has been high on the agenda of EU institutions and the member states since September 2017. On March 12, members of the European Parliament adopted the EU Cybersecurity Act.
Sergey Shargunov, Russian State Duma Deputy, claims that "Russia has a romantic relationship with the Western Balkans". A question follows: are the Western Balkans in love with Russia, too?
Radicalization in prison has long been a critical issue in the West (and beyond), where prisons have sometimes been turned in recruitment and proselytization hubs by different kinds of extremists, including jihadists. As is well known, one of the main concerns is that radicalized subjects may indoctrinate other common detainees. Italy has also been affected by this phenomenon and jihadist radicalization in prison represents a concrete threat.
The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) recently launched its Cyber Policy Portal – an accessible and up-to-date overview of the cyber policies of all UN Member States and a select number of intergovernmental organizations.
The Importance of Transparency to Cyber Stability
In 2009, Timothy Thomas, a Russia expert at the Foreign Military Studies Office at Fort Leavenworth in the US warned that “[p]erhaps more than any other country, Russia is alarmed over the cognitive aspects of cyber issues as much as their technical aspects”.
Legitimacy is critical for any government, particularly one seeking to stabilize a country affected by conflict. The legitimacy deficit among Libyan national institutions, such as the Presidency Council, House of Representatives, and High State Council, is increasingly apparent. Internationally-supported efforts to hold national elections in Libya are an effort to address this legitimacy deficiency. However, elections originally set for late 2018 have been abandoned under a new UNSMIL-led initiative to hold them in spring of 2019.