Dopo l’attentato di Kabul...
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Amidst deteriorating security and increasing clashes between antigovernment forces and foreign troops, presidential elections were held in Afghanistan on 20 August, the second since the fall of the Taliban regime. According to preliminary results released on 28 August and based on the scrutiny of 35% of the votes, Hamid Karzai has obtained 46.2 % in the first round, albeit with widespread accusations of fraud and irregularities and a lower turn-out, a product of increased disillusion among the population and a campaign of voter intimidation by the Taliban.
Japan has experienced a political earthquake last Sunday. Japan’s 45th Lower House elections marked the end of almost 54 years of uninterrupted rule of the Liberal-Democratic Party (LDP). The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), led by 62-year old Yukio Hatoyama won 308 of the 480 seats in the Lower House while the LDP won a mere 119 seats down from 300 it held before. A landslide victory for the DPJ and the worst electoral setback for the LDP since its foundation in 1955.
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the achievements and the results obtained by the European Union after two years of implementation of the strategy for a new partnership with Central Asia. Launched in 2007, this strategy represents a new EU approach to a strategically and geopolitically important region. In spite of some indisputable progress in political relationships between the EU and the five Central Asian republics and in the energy sphere, little progress has been registered in the human rights field and in the democratisation process.
Amidst growing international relief for the alleged downplay of the Darfur crisis to a “low intensity conflict”, the relations between Northern and Southern Sudan are increasingly strained.
The next general elections in April 2010 are more likely to threaten peace in the country than to bring the long-awaited democratization. Actually, the 2011 referendum on self-determination for Southern Sudan appears to stand out as the real issue at stake.
Gli incalzanti sondaggi pubblicati nelle ultime settimane dai grandi giornali di opinione dicevano dunque il vero; le previsioni degli osservatori politici rispondevano dunque alla realtà.
La decima edizione dell’Annuario dello Iai e dell’Ispi prende in esame gli avvenimenti del 2008. Grande attenzione è stata dedicata, da differenti angolature, alle tre vicende che hanno segnato più profondamente l’ultimo anno: le due nuove crisi diplomatiche e militari tra Russia e Georgia prima e tra Israele e Palestina poi; il cambio di presidenza negli Stati Uniti con l’elezione di Barack Obama; la grande crisi che dal terreno finanziario si è abbattuta sull’intera economia internazionale.
International law admits the use of force against terrorist groups which are hardly referable to a specific State only under certain circumstances. This could happen when a State is unable to repress terrorist organisations operating in its territory and, furthermore, when it clearly asks the international community for some intervention in order to fight these groups. However the use of force should be proportionate and necessary to deter the specific threat at hand.
The second visit to Italy by Muammar Gheddafi this year has been in his capacity as Chairman of the African Union.
After many years of PanAfrican rhetoric and interAfrican activism, the Libyan leader is at the head of the continental organisation and is in a position to both steer the organisation towards his original dreams and to reap the benefit in terms of international legitimisation, regional influence and internal development.
Derivatives are a tool to share risks in the economy and can thus provide a benefit to the economy.
The financial crisis has demonstrated that they can also pose significant risks to financial stability. These are related to the exponential growth in derivatives over the last decade, increasing leverage and interconnectedness of financial institutions.
This went largely unnoticed by markets and prudential supervisors, because derivative markets are predominantly organised in bilateral relationships, which makes them intransparent.