Radicalization in prison has long been a critical issue in the West (and beyond), where prisons have sometimes been turned in recruitment and proselytization hubs by different kinds of extremists, including jihadists. As is well known, one of the main concerns is that radicalized subjects may indoctrinate other common detainees. Italy has also been affected by this phenomenon and jihadist radicalization in prison represents a concrete threat.
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The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) recently launched its Cyber Policy Portal – an accessible and up-to-date overview of the cyber policies of all UN Member States and a select number of intergovernmental organizations.
The Importance of Transparency to Cyber Stability
Congolese people hold their breath, waiting for the Constitutional Court of the Democratic Republic of Congo to examine the appeal that Martin Fayulu has filed last Saturday against the results of the December 2018 presidential vote that invested Felix Tshisekedi. The observers of the local Catholic Church have reported irregularities, and concerns are mounting about a possible deal between the winner of the presidential race and the outgoing President Joseph Kabila.
In 2009, Timothy Thomas, a Russia expert at the Foreign Military Studies Office at Fort Leavenworth in the US warned that “[p]erhaps more than any other country, Russia is alarmed over the cognitive aspects of cyber issues as much as their technical aspects”.
Legitimacy is critical for any government, particularly one seeking to stabilize a country affected by conflict. The legitimacy deficit among Libyan national institutions, such as the Presidency Council, House of Representatives, and High State Council, is increasingly apparent. Internationally-supported efforts to hold national elections in Libya are an effort to address this legitimacy deficiency. However, elections originally set for late 2018 have been abandoned under a new UNSMIL-led initiative to hold them in spring of 2019.
Unseaworthy dinghies, swinging in rough seas, having to withstand the weight of men, women, and children. Hundreds of thousands of people, marching together towards Hungary’s barbed-wire fences. European diplomats, desperately looking for a way to manage the chaos. Soldiers at the borders, crammed reception centres, shoes washed up on shores.
Urbanization is set to shape our century. Today, 3.8 billion people – more than half of the Earth’s population – live in cities. In 2050 people living in cities will probably reach 70% and their number will be larger than the current total world’s population. The challenges posed by this phenomenon are immense, as are the opportunities.
Defence and security sectors in the Arab states have been undergoing significant, and sometimes radical, transformation as a result of local rebellions and civil wars, state crisis and fracturing, and external intervention since the start of the 21st century.
In President Donald Trump’s first year in office, U.S. policy relating to supporting democracy abroad became starkly divided. At the level of “high policy”—direct engagement and messaging by President Trump and his principal foreign policy advisers—the United States sharply downgraded its global pro-democratic posture. Trump’s praise of dictators, criticism of democratic allies, and anti-democratic actions at home recast the United States as at best an ambivalent actor on the global democratic stage. Yet at the same time, pro-democratic “low policy”—quiet but serious engagement by U.S.
Incastonato tra Asia e Africa e avamposto verso il Mar Rosso e l’Oceano Indiano, il Corno d’Africa è una penisola diventata nell’ultimo quindicennio protagonista di fenomeni e dinamiche politico-economiche rilevanti a livello globale, tali da renderla estremamente importante, corteggiata e a tratti addirittura ambita.