Azerbaijan’s geopolitics entail a multi-vectorial approach to foreign policy, says Hikmet Hajiyev, Foreign Policy Advisor to the President of Azerbaijan. How has Baku's foreign policy changed following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine?
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Elisabetta II è spenta a 96 anni, di cui 70 sul trono britannico. Icona del Novecento, ha guidato il Regno Unito dal dopoguerra alla Brexit. Lascia un paese attonito e alle prese con sfide epocali.
In Yemen, new economically-rooted challenges currently add to longstanding political and economic obstacles facing Security Sector Reform (SSR). The sharp collapse of the currency in the territories held by the Internationally Recognized Government of Yemen (IRG), as well as the global socio-economic impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, have compounded historical hindrances to SSR in Yemen, which include—but are not limited to—corruption, an accountability deficit, and poor professionalism.
Over the last decade in Tunisia a large number of unions representing police and national guard personnel have been created. These unions have proven to be potent, exerting influence over the Ministry of Interior (MOI) on issues of promotion, pay and deployment, impacting political debates, primarily around security issues, and stymieing oversight efforts by the Tunisian parliament.
Algeria’s military apparatus, the National Popular Army (NPA) — with its diverse cliques and personalities, vaunted counterterrorism experience, and intelligence capabilities — encompasses internal security structures and plays an important (if oversized) role in deterring and dictating the country’s political affairs and policies. The military has been able to subordinate peer groups within significant power structures, be they the political class, technocrats, the business elite, civil society, or the media.
Despite some improvement over the past decade, corruption in Kenya remains rampant: Kenya is ranked 128 among 180 nations in 2021 in terms of perceived corruption, after climbing from position 124 in 2020. Democratic elections are also meant to help keep malpractice and fraud under check. Regrettably, a number of those seeking elective seats in the coming elections have tainted integrity.
In a world where the population is increasingly urban, the effects of climate change are progressively reducing the availability and quality of raw material and natural resources. At the same time, disruptive events such as the Covid-19 pandemic and the war in Ukraine are calling for a rethink of self-sufficiency, local production and renewable energy, and the circular economy is coming to the fore as a key driver to help cities and regions boost future economic growth.
L’invasione russa dell’Ucraina, e la tempesta geopolitica che ne è seguita, hanno alterato l’ordine internazionale. Ma la crisi non avrà effetti significativi sullo scacchiere asiatico e in particolare nei rapporti tra i due principali attori, Cina e India.
Where is Tunisia heading, or, better yet, what is the outcome President Kais Saïed wishes to achieve with the founding of a so-called “new Republic”? Will the country grow into an innovative and reliable democracy or, instead, an autocracy disguised as a formally democratic regime? Saïed’s authoritarian measures over the past twelve months are not promising.