Historically, EU relations with Africa have remained fragmented, based on relatively short-term arrangements, and with a weak capacity to command attention and political support. In an effort to inject new vigour into EU-Africa relations – and in line with a pledge to lead a ‘geopolitical Commission’ – early in her mandate president Ursula von der Leyen called for a ‘New comprehensive strategy with Africa’.
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While EU member states and citizens debate the new EU Pact on Migration and Asylum, it is clear that migration has been, is and will continue to be an integral part of the relations between African and European countries. A ‘strong external dimension’ takes a pride of place in the Pact and ‘migration diplomacy’ will most probably be deployed as a tool of first choice to persuade (sometimes coerce) governments to agree to keep people in countries of origin and transit.
Le attività spaziali si stanno espandendo a livello globale, con un numero record di Paesi e di attori commerciali oggi coinvolti in investimenti in programmi spaziali. Mai prima d'ora la space economy ha attirato tanto interesse, con satelliti in orbita registrati in oltre 80 nazioni. Sempre più aspetti della vita “terrestre” si basano su segnali e dati satellitari, stimolando nuovi investimenti economici spesso lontani dagli investimenti tradizionali in infrastrutture spaziali.
Space activities are expanding globally, with a record number of countries and commercial actors investing in space programmes. Never before has there been so much interest in the space economy, with satellites in orbit registered in over 80 countries. Ever more down-to-earth activities are derived from satellite signals and data, contributing to new economic activities often far removed from initial investments in space infrastructure.
It’s become increasingly clear that outer space is a key domain of U.S. and international security, and the Trump administration has made it a priority in recent years. On June 17, the Department of Defense (DOD) released a summary of its new Defense Space Strategy (DSS). The document outlines a strategy for advancing U.S. military space power over the next 10 years.
In 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic has brought to the fore an urgent need that first emerged in 2018, at the beginning of the trade war between the United States and China: the need to reform the organisation of the WTO. Unfortunately, it has also complicated the choice of possible alternatives. The G20, which has incorporated a Trade and Investment Working Group since 2016, is now urgently examining the implications of the pandemic for international trade and investment.
One of the starkest signs of the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic has been the now familiar – but still eerie – sight of empty cities. In the early days of Covid-19’s spread across Europe, observers could almost find solace in the immediate effects of the containment policies on the urban environment, with foxes, boars and porcupines commonly spotted even in daytime. That phase is long gone. Now, one of the questions that lingers concerns what the future of our cities will be.
During the highly intense four-days of the 5th Plenum of the CPC Central Committee (26th - 29th October), the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) was certainly not at the centre of the debate.
On December 7, 2020, incumbent President Nana Akufo-Addo, 76, of the New Patriotic Party (NPP) faces challenger and former President John Dramani Mahama, 61, of the National Democratic Congress (NDC). This is the third time in a row the two will be pitted against each other, in what has been a series of closely contested races. In 2012, Mahama narrowly defeated Akufo-Addo in the 2012 presidential race, winning 50.7 percent of the vote.
After almost eight years as Prime Minister, Abe Shinzo retired. On 16 September the national Diet (Japan’s parliament) nominated Suga Yoshihide as his successor. Since Abe announced his intention to resign on 28 August, the ruling Liberal-Democratic Party (LDP) has gone through three frantic weeks to find an agreement on the succession.