When in 2016 the European Union signed an agreement that gave some 6 billion euros to Turkey in order to stop the migrant flows from Syria, it was thought that the “migrant emergency” could be stopped. For a while the arrivals were fewer, a number not comparable with the 2015-2016 crisis. Today, due to different reasons such as the war in Syria and greater control of the “Mediterranean route”, the so-called “Balkan route” has gained new momentum.
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The mayor of London oversees decisions regarding energy provision, transport, housing stock and waste management for the city’s nearly 9 million inhabitants, more than the total population of Denmark or Austria. This is true for many global cities, which make decisions about infrastructure provision that determine energy use and carbon emissions for populations larger than entire countries.
La pandemia ha riportato alla ribalta il vecchio tema degli standard di qualità dei prodotti cinesi esportati nel mondo. Lo abbiamo trattato più volte, anche prima che la definizione degli standard tecnologici diventasse uno strumento chiave nell’odierna corsa cinese alla supremazia tecnologica ed economica.
The generalization of grand corruption in Brazil is a recent phenomenon, the fruit of some institutional relaxation starting in the 1990s. Grand corruption occurs in the context of large government-controlled companies and public work projects, tender processes, privatization auctions and the like, while petty corruption involves common citizens, who pay bribes to obtain documents, schedule consultations with the public health system, enroll children in school, etc.
The EU-ACP Partnership Agreement, signed in Cotonou in 2000, is due to expire on 29 February 2020. Since the negotiations have ground to a halt, the parties have almost agreed to transitional measures to extend the application of the current agreement. Just before passing the torch to his successor, as the new European Commission took office December 1st, commissioner Neven Mimica briefed member states' representatives on the negotiations and its current standstill. Which appears to be very much inherent to the format itself.
The more you discuss with China, the better you will understand each other. The more you cooperate with China, the more incentives Beijing will have to pursue a liberal reform agenda. So went the underlying logic of “constructive engagement”, an unofficial approach taken by the EU vis-à-vis China for the most part of the last two decades.
During his state visit to Russia in June 2019, Chinese leader Xi Jinping together with president Vladimir Putin oversaw several signings of investment cooperation agreements between Chinese and Russian companies. These documents promised over a billion dollars worth of Chinese foreign direct investments (FDI) in Russia in the years to come.
Honduras has in recent years stood out for its relative success in making inroads against organised crime and in curbing its sky-high homicide rates. But beneath the veneer of its achievements lie dysfunctional politics, high levels of ongoing violence and deep public discontent — all of which have worked together to spur recurrent waves of social unrest and prompt hundreds of thousands of Hondurans to flee northward in search of a better life.
Foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) associated with the unrest in Syria and Iraq, comprise over 40,000 individuals from 110 countries, spurring the international community to call upon these countries of origin to act. All Central Asian (CA) states are affected by problems related to their FTFs.
The Central Asian energy sector is undergoing transformations and uncertainties due to international and regional factors. Internationally, globally low oil prices and the unstable situation in the Persian Gulf and Middle East create tensions over the oil and gas sector.