During the COVID-19 pandemic, Hungary and Poland have progressively slipped further towards authoritarianism.
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Over the course of the past decade, Russia and China have been increasingly aligning on a number of issues that encompass foreign and domestic politics. With the COVID-19 pandemic, such alignment has increased in the digital space.
As China emerges from the grips of COVID-19, there is potential for it to become a global leader in managing the pandemic and provide assistance to other countries. But what does the latest pandemic tell us about the durability of authoritarian regimes, like China? Furthermore, given its recent experiences with a national crisis, such as SARS or the Sichuan earthquake, what is the role of civil society in managing the impacts of such national emergencies?
While COVID-19 has presented the world with numerous challenges, it has also generated a conversation about how to reboot the global economy in its aftermath, and how to do so in a sustainable way. It has also highlighted the importance of preparing properly for risks of all kinds and the need for broader societal cooperation on achieving medium- and long-term goals.
Over the past decade, China and the United States have engaged in a race for the new “gold” of the 21st century: data. As the escalation of state-sponsored cyberattacks during the Covid-19 pandemic has shown, nowadays (inter)national security is most frequently jeopardized in the field of cyberspace.
After several months of tensions with Turkey, EU Member States announced their willingness to renew the expired migration agreement in March 2021, while the EU Commission has already lined up an additional €585 million for a so-called “humanitarian bridge funding” for 2021.
Today, Syria will have a presidential election, but what role would Syrian refugees, internally displaced persons, and the diaspora play in this process? To begin with, the conditions to hold free and fair elections in Syria currently do not exist. There are several logistical, constitutional, and security impediments that do not allow for displaced Syrians to neither vote freely, nor run for office. The basic requirements for elections as defined in the Geneva Communiqué and Security Council Resolution 2254 do not exist and have not been discussed yet.
China is widely recognised as a global leader in clean-energy technologies, controlling over 60 percent of global manufacturing in every step of the solar supply chain and being home to five of the world’s top 10 wind turbine manufacturers. It leads the world in lithium-ion batteries, bio-power, hydropower, solar water heating, and geothermal heat output.
La classificazione delle merci attraverso il Sistema Armonizzato di designazione e di codificazione delle merci (a fini doganali ma anche di apprezzamento statistico degli scambi internazionali) compie 33 anni: entrato in vigore il 1° gennaio 1988 nei Paesi firmatari della Convenzione omonima (ad oggi, 160 Paesi contraenti: la Convenzione è poi stata adottata da 211 economie) risalente al 14 giugno 1983, a sua volta frutto della rielaborazione della Convenzione sulle nomenclature firmata a Bruxelles il 15 dicembre 1950, si present
The Arctic has always been very important for Russia. First, it makes up a considerable part of the country’s territory. Second, the region hosts important transport and military infrastructure. Finally, it possesses significant natural resources potential, which is not limited to oil and natural gas, but also includes minerals, timber, fish, and other resources including land itself.