The day of accession (01.05.2004) of Hungary to the European Union was much more a political hallmark of the process of integration into the European economic and political structures, which started more than ten years earlier than an economic cut-off point. This integration process was gradual and progressively extended to more and more areas of the economic and political activities of the country in the course of more than a decade.
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Slovakia along with other nine countries enlarged on 1 May 2004 the European Union. Two years that have elapsed since its accession enable to assess direct impacts of the EU membership on the Slovak economy or on its individual spheres. Accession to the EU was related to numerous changes that in larger or smaller extent have actually concerned every sphere of Slovak economy [...] segue https://www.ispionline.it/it/documents/wp_15_2007.pdf
Nearly three years have gone by after the enlargement of the EU to 10 new member states. It is now possible to dismiss the fears on the negative effects of this enlargement that circulated in Europe (and not only) before 2004. What is more relevant to assess now is how far the actual economic integration between the EU-15 and the new member states has arrived. [...] segue https://www.ispionline.it/it/documents/wp_13_2007.pdf
Central and Eastern European countries have undertaken important transformations since the early 1990s. The transition period was characterized by high instability and painful adjustments. Yet, have recent times shown more stable environments? Using Markov switching regime methods, this paper considers six Central and Eastern European economies of the most recent EU enlargement to inquire [...] segue https://www.ispionline.it/it/documents/wp_16_2007.pdf
The EU’s commitment in the field of non-proliferation runs deep and has made significant contributions to the peace and stability Europe has enjoyed since the end of the Second World War. The most advanced instruments for European political cooperation have been used in this delicate sector.
Turkey completed the 1990s with the slogan “the 21st Century Will Be the Turkish Century”. It made progress in many areas, not least of all coming to terms with globalisation.
On 15th December 2006, the EU summit took the decision to suspend eight of the 35 chapters that form the agenda for Turkey’s accession negotiations. While the move was finely judged, in that it avoided the long feared “train crash” in ties, it was a public demonstration of the choppiness of the bilateral relationship. As such, the decision soured what [...] segue https://www.ispionline.it/it/documents/wp_11_2007.pdf
In the years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) had laid the foundation for a system of international human rights protection in 1947, priority was given first to the protection of refugees, and then to defining the rights of citizens. Concern for the human rights of migrants has been a more recent development. [...] segue https://www.ispionline.it/it/documents/wp_9_2006.pdf
Les négociations pour l’adhésion de la Turquie ont commencé début octobre 2005. Il est prévu selon beaucoup, qu’elles durent près de dix ans.
Before one proceeds from the assumption that international custom is a recognised source of international law one should pause to determine whether this expression still has the meaning commonly accepted by most jurists at the time they were students – and never questioned thereafter. We are sometimes warned that customary norms in the international sphere are not anymore what they used to be, and that the formation of customary law has undergone important changes.