Tunisia’s 2011-2021 decade can be summarised as follows: the introduction of democracy, the fall of a semi-socialist state, the deterioration of citizens’ economic conditions, the rise (and fall) of terrorism, and the Covid-19 pandemic. People, however, tend to forget about democracy and focus only on the negative aspects. As such, a new narrative is gaining ground: the crisis started in January 2011, when demonstrations against President Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali intensified -and never ended.
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Fundamental shifts in the Gulf monarchies’ foreign and domestic policymaking bear direct implications for their engagement in Tunisia. As a consequence, Tunis no longer plays a relevant role in the Gulf’s political-economic-security nexus. Despite Saudi Arabia’s and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)’s public support for President Kais Saïed and his authoritarian bent, the Gulf’s focus has shifted from North Africa toward other hotspots in order to preserve power projection in times of rising global multipolarism.
Sui fatti di Capitol Hill, la commissione sostiene che l’ex presidente scelse di non chiamare le forze di sicurezza mentre i manifestanti irrompevano nel Campidoglio.
Over the past decade, Tunisia has been known as the sole “Arab Spring” success story, considering its steady path towards democratisation. Regrettably, it has also been among the MENA countries most exposed to homegrown jihadist radicalisation and domestic terrorism.
In the run-up to the referendum on July 25th in which Tunisians will be called upon to approve (or reject) President Kais Saïed’s top-down new constitutional draft, attacks against the leading members of the Muslim-oriented Ennahda party have intensified.
Tunisia is currently hurtling towards both economic collapse and political instability. As the country prepares to vote on a constitutional referendum on July 25th, President Kais Saïed has failed to address nearly all the economic challenges facing Tunisia. Since his self-coup nearly a year ago, Saïed has focused on consolidating political power into his hands rather than lowering unemployment, reducing the budget deficit, or addressing inflation.
L'export proficuo di commodities non eviterà una severa recessione a Mosca. Mentre i problemi strutturali del Paese rischiano di aggravarsi.
One of the most striking differences between Tunisia’s current transition back to autocracy and its difficult transition to an imperfect democracy between 2011 and 2014 is the role of the international community and the United States (US) in particular. The US and its Western allies, together with the European Union (EU), the United Nations, and the World Bank, supported the country’s transition to democracy.
The Russian economy is facing its biggest recession since at least the 1990s, that is, since the collapse of the USSR. According to the forecast of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation - in 2022 the GDP will decline by over 6%, the IMF expects a decline of 8.5%, the EBRD of 10%, the World Bank of 11.2%.
The MED This Week newsletter provides expert analysis and informed comments on the MENA region's most significant issues and trends. Today, we focus on the visit that Russian President Putin and Turkish President Erdogan paid to Tehran, where together with Iranian President Raisi, they discussed the Ukraine war and the Syrian conflict.