The notion that Israel is the only true parliamentary democracy in the Middle East is supported by several fundamental markers: separate status and autonomy of the three powers: the executive, the legislative, and the judiciary; elections regularly held according to a pre-established calendar; a large number of political parties competing for office; and last but not least, periodic alternation of the main political parties
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The upcoming Iraqi parliamentary election will take place on May 12. It is the fourth election after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein’s regime, and the first one after the defeat of the Islamic State. In spite of the crises that have been ravaging the country over the last decade and ongoing regional turmoil, Iraq is trying to get back on its feet. But many challenges still lie ahead.
There is a date that could be conventionally considered the starting point of the Kirkuk issue. It is 11 March 1970, when the Kurds and the Iraqi government - after nine years of conflict - signed the “1970 Peace Accord”. The agreement granted autonomy to Iraq’s Kurdish governorates and, with regard to areas disputed due to mixed Arab-Kurdish populations, provided for a census and a plebiscite.
When the first elections were held in Iraq in 2005, two years after the fall of the Saddam Hussain regime, the political landscape in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) was dominated by two major parties: the Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK). By the following elections, in 2010, a new political force, “Gorran” (Change) had split from the PUK and secured 25% of the local (KRI) parliamentary seats in 2009, and 8 seats in the national (Baghdad) parliament.
The demise of the Islamic State (IS) caliphate in Iraq in 2018 has unveiled the magnitude of destruction caused by IS booby-traps, coupled with the strikes of the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and the coalition’s targeting IS fighters, who took cover in Sunni-majority cities. Due to the war against IS, millions of Iraqis were displaced. The majority of Internally Displaced People (IDPs) have returned to their home cities since then but hundreds of thousands are yet to return.
Iraq’s parliamentary elections, scheduled for 12 May 2018, will serve as the first national referendum since the defeat of the Islamic State (IS) in 2017. Observers of the lead-up to the elections will invariably examine the sectarian Shia versus Sunni rivalries during the process, to the neglect of the intra-sectarian Shia rivalries that have evolved since 2003. After the fall of Saddam Hussein, the Shia factions did run on a single ticket, the United Iraqi Alliance.
Fifteen years after the demise of the Saddam Hussein regime, Iraq is still struggling to keep faith with the promises generated by the fall of one of the most brutal regimes ever ascending to power, able to maintain its grip on the “land of the two rivers” for decades despite internal opposition, external pressure and ill-fated military operations.
Martedì 8 maggio il presidente degli Stati Uniti Donald Trump ha dichiarato che gli Usa usciranno dall’accordo sul nucleare iraniano (JCPOA). A nulla sono valsi i tentativi di buona parte parte della comunità internazionale, inclusa l’Europa, di convincere Trump a continuare l’implementazione dell’intesa. Il presidente statunitense accusa gli alleati europei di non aver corretto i difetti dell"Iran deal" che lui stesso aveva denunciato lo scorso gennaio.