Il vertice annuale del Gruppo degli Otto rappresenta uno degli appuntamenti più importanti del calendario internazionale. Il gruppo riunisce alcuni dei più ricchi e influenti stati del pianeta.
Risultati della ricerca:
The paper traces the evolution of the relations between Pakistan, Iran, India and Afghanistan in the last decades and attempts to explore the potential consequences of the vote in Iran for these relations. It is argued that stabilising Afghanistan will remain in Iran’s interests and that on this issue the collaboration with the Obama administration might continue despite the results of the presidential elections.
The European Union’s Eastern Partnership emerged in a changed environment where the EU faced the necessity to upgrade its relations with the neighbouring countries and channel its interactions with them in a more effective and responsive manner. Launching of this initiative demonstrates that notwithstanding the “enlargement fatigue” and the EU’s cautious stance toward raising any membership exectations among the aspiring nations, the EU considers it necessary to restructure its relationships with the neighbours in the way that brings them politically and economically closer.
Ten years on from the NATO intervention in Kosovo, the humanitarian interference issue does not appear to have retained the importance that it took on in the 1990s. Many of the new elements that emerged during the intervention have to a large extent lost their political and legal precedent value to a new type of humanitarian goal interventionism. Today humanitarian interference is still a rare event.
Post-conflict democratisation processes in Sub-Saharan Africa imply difficult challenges for the actors involved. The main difficulties stem from the nature of African politics and the post-colonial legacy of African states. The dire economic conditions in which independent African states had to operate make democratic efforts more complicated, given the nature of the electoral processes which are too often based on a winner-takes-all electoral rule that fits European political settings but less so African political frameworks.
Uzbekistan’s ambitious foreign policy is aimed at winning back its Central Asian pivot state role. Historical, geographic, and military factors appear to pave the way for its successful attempt at gaining the status of indispensable ally of Central Asia. However, serious economic and demographic problems cripple Tashkent’s ability to bid for regional hegemony, while geopolitical disputes on water management and energy supplies complicate its relations with neighbouring states Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
While Africa in the last 20 years has been the most conflict-prone region in the world, recent trends show some positive developments in this respect. However, the improvements are resting on fragile grounds, and the permanence of regional areas of conflict suggest that it is still important to focus on the issue. This policy brief intends to assess who should keep caring about conflict in Africa, including external actors.
It has almost become canon law within the academic and policy circles that post-conflict elections can end armed conflicts, usher in democracy and development by demilitarizing politics.
Opium cultivation in Afghanistan is one of the greatest challenges facing international intervention there as it provides the Taliban with a significant part of their funds for fostering the insurgency. In addition, poppy cultivation gives them a chance to establish mutually supportive social relations between insurgents and local population, thus weakening the state-building process. Efforts to combat the opium traffic, fight back the Taliban and bring stability to the country can hardly count on straightforward solutions.
The Russian economy reached the lowest point of its post-communist slump in 1998, when the state defaulted on debt and was forced to devalue the rouble. After that, economic life in Russia got better. Between 1998 and 2007 the Russian economy grew at an average annual rate of 7.0%. Russia’s leaders are now confident and believe that Russia is economically “sovereign” and can fend for itself.