For more than 40 years, Iran’s relations with the US have been a political hot potato in both countries, with numerous failed attempts at détente and frequent sabotage by both domestic opposition and external actors. As Iran approaches presidential elections likely to consolidate power for so-called conservatives, the most optimistic scenario would be a restoration of the 2015 nuclear deal and a reduction in tensions particularly in Yemen and Iraq.
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Il Focus Sicurezza Energetica guarda alle principali dinamiche della Energy Politics prodottesi nel primo quadrimestre del 2021, rivolgendo lo sguardo alle dinamiche dei mercati energetici, alle politiche italiane ed europee e, infine, a quanto va accadendo negli scacchieri di prioritaria rilevanza per la tutela e la promozione dell’interesse nazionale italiano e di quello comunitario.
Two years after their outbreak, the 2019 Hong Kong protests call for enquiry into a new season for social movements behaviour. In addition to being one of the largest and longest sustained episodes of protests challenging authoritarian rule in the 21st century, the movement may set an interesting precedent for anti-authoritarian movements elsewhere, as it appealed to the potential of digitally enabled communication to nurture a sense of community based on collective, horizontal, and participatory decision-making.
Nell’ultimo decennio la presenza di organizzazioni armate di matrice salafita-jihadista in Africa subsahariana si è evoluta in funzione di una graduale proiezione continentale dello Stato Islamico (IS), accanto a una ben radicata presenza di gruppi affiliati ad al-Qa’ida.
The Beirut port blast that claimed 178 lives, left over 6,500 injured and 300,000 homeless last August –the largest non-nuclear deflagration in history- was an avoidable tragedy. It was also virtually impossible to hide. The collapse of the Lebanese financial system could have also been avoided. It was, however, less visible. A series of measures set by the Lebanese Central Bank (Banque du Liban, BDL) and the government swept the inevitable default under a rug of financial engineering and the lira-to-dollar peg.
The development of emerging technologies, the increasing centrality of data to nation-state power, and the possibility of concentration of social, economic, and political influence by a few elite platforms are pushing dramatic shifts in the way the technologies and data use are envisioned and governed. Data and technology are now increasingly being configured around national politics, laws, and interests and are at the heart of geopolitical and diplomatic negotiations.
After several months of tensions with Turkey, EU Member States announced their willingness to renew the expired migration agreement in March 2021, while the EU Commission has already lined up an additional €585 million for a so-called “humanitarian bridge funding” for 2021.
La partita in corso tra l’Unione europea e l’Ungheria di Viktor Orban sullo stato di diritto è uno scontro tattico, un gioco di equilibrismi diplomatici che spesso somiglia a una guerra di posizione. L’ultima mossa si è giocata sullo scacchiere del diritto comunitario e, apparentemente, ha segnato un punto a favore della Ue.