While Africa in the last 20 years has been the most conflict-prone region in the world, recent trends show some positive developments in this respect. However, the improvements are resting on fragile grounds, and the permanence of regional areas of conflict suggest that it is still important to focus on the issue. This policy brief intends to assess who should keep caring about conflict in Africa, including external actors.
Established mechanisms that have worked reasonably well for the coordination of the international humanitarian assistance to conflict situations seem to fail in the heated response to large-scale earthquakes.
This paper discusses how some technical specificities of shuch emergency interventions interact with the exponential growth in the number and diversity of the actors and with a confused international legal framework to make the coordination of earthquake response a huge and evolving challenge.
Amidst growing international relief for the alleged downplay of the Darfur crisis to a “low intensity conflict”, the relations between Northern and Southern Sudan are increasingly strained.
The next general elections in April 2010 are more likely to threaten peace in the country than to bring the long-awaited democratization. Actually, the 2011 referendum on self-determination for Southern Sudan appears to stand out as the real issue at stake.
Irregular boat migration across the Mediterranean has emerged as an increasingly important policy challenge to European countries. It has come to be viewed both as a “security risk” as well as a humanitarian issue, given the steadily rising death toll among the would-be immigrants seeking to cross the Mediterranean from the south. In response to the “migration crisis” in the Mediterranean, EU countries have, over recent years, devoted considerable resources to strengthening their southern maritime borders.
2010 is a crucial year for development, as it has seen a UN summit assessing progress towards the MDGs and is the target year for the European Union’s aid commitments, and yet the EU is clearly off track on its aid pledges. While the official figures for 2010 will only be released in a few months, it is already clear that the target will be missed. Most member states, including some of the largest EU economies, are lagging behind on their promises and blame the financial crisis for their poor performance.
The migration field has witnessed a remarkable shift in orientation, particularly among those countries apart from the four traditional migration countries of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. Ten, even five years ago, the migration field was dominated by concerns about out-of-control migration flows, about the migration-asylum nexus, and about sealing borders [...] segue https://www.ispionline.it/it/documents/wp_10_2006.pdf
In 2007, at the time of the previous presidential election, the revitalization of France’s foreign policy was one of the issues tackled by the political debates, even though it was marginally. In 2012, things are different, the nostalgia for greatness and the “souci du monde” are submerged by domestic issues. Nonetheless, Politics cannot be ignored. The diplomatic and strategic stakes are not as visible and obvious as those domestics issues but they are most important.
In the years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) had laid the foundation for a system of international human rights protection in 1947, priority was given first to the protection of refugees, and then to defining the rights of citizens. Concern for the human rights of migrants has been a more recent development. [...] segue https://www.ispionline.it/it/documents/wp_9_2006.pdf
Italy has drastically reduced its aid levels in the past decade. Aid cuts might have negative effects not only on the recipient but also on the donor side: aid is granted in order to upgrade the donor international position, and reductions in aid might have an impact also on the donor international standing. The paper attempts to verify whether reductions in aid levels operated by Italy in the last decade have hampered the country international standing, measured as a proxy of the number of Italian officials in international organizations.
I contributi previsionali di politica internazionale per l’anno 2012 qui presentati sono stati sollecitati, nell’ambito dell’Osservatorio di politica internazionale, ai quattro autorevoli centri di ricerca italiani - CeSI, CeSPI, IAI ed ISPI - che con esso collaborano in via principale.