The Italian G7 (26–27 May) takes place during momentous times for international politics. Many Heads of State and Government meeting in Taormina are new to the forum, and some of them hold radically different views. On top of that, France and the United Kingdom are in the midst of their national electoral campaigns, while Germany goes to the polls in September. Italy has approached its 2017 Presidency with realistic goals and by keeping a cool head.
Nell’ultimo quarto di secolo, l’agenda dei temi in discussione al G7 si è allargata in misura significativa. I governi che detengono le presidenze annuali, un tempo “snelle” e incentrate quasi solo attorno all’organizzazione del summit, si ritrovano oggi a dover mettere in piedi una macchina organizzativa notevole, in un percorso che si snoda per gran parte dei dodici mesi dell’anno solare di presidenza.
In un contesto di parziale ripresa del commercio internazionale, con indicatori che mostrano un recupero della fiducia delle imprese e un aumento degli scambi a livello mondiale, appaiono sempre più contrastanti le politiche commerciali portate avanti dai due giganti, Stati Uniti e Cina.
Reaching some sort of global order has been a recurring temptation for the governments of the world’s great powers. It is the nature of things, and this temptation grew even more when the end of the Cold War brought some to regret the “certainties” that came with the clear conflict between East and West.
“Fragile - Handle with care”: this very well could be the imaginary bumper sticker for the topic of climate change when it arrives on the G7 table in Taormina. Usually, climate change issues do not lead to serious international frictions (even though they trigger harsh discussions during the annual climate talks under the UNFCCC umbrella), but this time is different. The suspense is high and the actors involved should use all diplomatic means available to bring about some results without losing face.
The G7 summit, being held today and tomorrow in the splendid setting of Taormina, Sicily, boasts particular significance amidst the growing fragility in global governance.
Global summits have rarely played such an important role as in 2017. In times of political volatility and economic uncertainty summits provide a forum for heads of state to exchange views on eye level contributing to a stabilization of expectations and potentially restoration of international consent. The US under President Trump questions a number of previously defined international commitments, in particular the stance on anti-protectionism and on the mitigation of dangerous climate change.
As inclusiveness is now a major economic issue on the global economic agenda, the Italian presidency has brought gender to the forum and has nudged the G7 to include it into its discussion on many areas – from higher participation to the labour market, to measures to end violence against women – and so to play a part in the action towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Within the organizational machine of the G7, G7 engagement groups are the form in which the G7 Presidency by interacting with the civil society builds trust with its citizens on their issues of concern. The African focus the Italian G7 Presidency gave to this year’s Think Tank Summit has specific reasons. Development of the African continent is a cross-cutting theme for the Italian Presidency and many African leaders have been invited to the forthcoming G7 Summit in Taormina for a G7 outreach session specifically devoted to innovation.
La dimensione securitaria è un fattore chiave nell’iniziativa OBOR, considerato che la regione dello Xinjiang è un passaggio esclusivo per le importazioni di gas e petrolio dell’Asia Centrale così come per il corridoio commerciale tra la Cina e l’Occidente.