China and Africa’s ground-breaking declaration on climate change will profoundly impact China’s future international development strategy. In this blog, IDS Fellow Wei Shen highlights how and what more needs to be done to successfully implement this vision.
Seven months after Mali’s 2021 coup, the country’s military junta and the international community are at an impasse. This piece highlights the weaknesses of an approach by the international community that is on the one hand diplomatic, trying to nudge interim authorities into committing to an electoral timeline, and on the other hand punitive by imposing sanctions.
Between August 2020 and October 2021, the African continent has witnessed 5 successful military coups; 2 in Mali (August 2020 and May 2021); one in Chad (April 2021); one in Guinea (September 2021) and one in
The 82 coups Africa experienced between 1960 and 2000 were devastating for the continent—contributing to the instability, corruption, human rights abuses, impunity, and poverty that characterized many African countries during that era. Coups, moreover, are contagious. A successful coup significantly increases the probability of subsequent coups—in that country as well as its neighbors.
Sudan’s history is marked by a considerable number of plots and coups d’état. Even though each of them was preceded by social and political unrest that created conducive conditions for the military to take power, the coup that ousted Omar al-Bashir in April 2019 seemed to be different. Massive protests for the country’s economic conditions and against Islamist policies had gone on for months.
At the end of last month, Chad’s military junta, the Conseil Militaire de Transition (CMT), declared a general amnesty for nearly 300 individuals charged with “crimes of opinion,” “terrorism,” and “harming the integrity of the state.” The decision partially fulfills the preconditions demanded by the armed Chadian opposition for their participation in an inclusive national dialogue.
In 2021 four sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries have experienced a coup d’état. In Chad, the son of the long-lasting President Idriss Deby, who was killed in a war fight after having been in power for over 30 years, suspended both Parliament and government before taking office as Chairman of a Transitional Military Council. Meanwhile, in Guinea, the three-time elected President Alpha Condé was overthrown by a group of army officers.
The peak of military coups that has been recorded in 2021 in sub-Saharan Africa unquestionably represents a threat for the present and future of democracy in a continent with a legacy of frequent violent leadership changes.
Coups d’état occurred in four Sub-Saharan countries in 2021. The return of a series of military takeovers in Africa undermines the use of multiparty elections as the only legitimate way to gain political office. This appears to be part of a broader process of ‘autocratisation’ that, in recent years, has been observed in several countries and regions across the globe.
The unfolding humanitarian and political crisis in Ethiopia has left many observers pessimistic about the likelihood of an inclusive and peaceful solution to the protracted conflict. After months of fighting between Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s central government and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the Ethiopian state is at real risk of collapse.
Dopo il golpe i militari reintegrano il premier Hamdok, ma la piazza non crede all’accordo e denuncia: “Ci avete tradito”.