Dal Consiglio europeo del 21 e 22 marzo alla visita a Roma del Presidente cinese Xi Jinping, la scorsa settimana è stata densa di appuntamenti decisivi per il posizionamento dell'Italia in ambito europeo e internazionale. Se a Roma si è discusso soprattutto degli accordi con Pechino e delle conseguenze dell’adesione italiana alla Belt and Road Initiative, al vertice di Bruxelles il dibattito si è concentrato naturalmente su Brexit, ma si è parlato anche di climate change, crescita, disinformazione e sicurezza cibernetica.
Il cambiamento climatico, pur essendo un fenomeno globale, può manifestarsi a livello locale con effetti differenti, talvolta in contrasto tra loro; per esempio prolungati periodi di siccità ed eventi meteorici improvvisi e di intensità estrema.
As many as the residents in the Netherlands, roughly. Or like the combined population of Croatia, Ireland, Norway and Finland. As for its magnitude, the severe drought hitting the Horn of Africa and affecting more than 18 million of its people may end up being the worst in the last 50 years.
As the lights dimmed on the 8th World Water Forum on Friday 23 March 2018, the international community is urged to continue to pay the utmost attention to today’s climate-induced humanitarian crises that are affecting much of our world more frequently and more severely.
Two plights, both sunk into oblivion: climate change and humanitarian crises are two of the most neglected tragedies currently affecting Africa far and wide. In February FAO, the UN specialised agency for food and agriculture, declared that nearly 224 million Africans are suffering from malnutrition because of climate change and conflicts. Lately, the number has increased by over 20 million.
The war that has been ravaging South Sudan since 2013 has forced 3.5 million people to flee their homes: 1.7 million escaped to other countries (Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda) and 1.9 million sought refuge in other parts of the country. Figures from UNHCR (the United Nations High Commission for Refugees) are terrible. And even more so when you think that behind those numbers are personal tales of violence, exhaustion, uprooting, family strife and, above all, poverty.
The complex impacts of climate change on human mobility have gained increased attention, but an invisible and growing number of people are also being displaced – paradoxically – by the very measures taken in the name of addressing it.
In the last forty years the Lake Chad Basin has hosted one of the gravest humanitarian crises on the African continent.