The European Commission in December 2019 declared that “an ambitious 5G introduction is essential for Europe to have a leading position and to take early advantage of the new market opportunities”. 5G will be a physical overhaul of essential networks that will have decades-long impact: it will entail the conversion to a mostly all-software network and future upgrades will be software updates much like the current upgrades to smartphones.
La capacità dello Stato di gestire i rischi cibernetici sta diventando una delle priorità strategiche per le amministrazioni pubbliche al fine di assicurare il giovamento e il beneficio dei vantaggi e delle opportunità derivanti da uno spazio cibernetico sicuro per i cittadini e le imprese. Al fine di erigere un sistema in grado di gestire e rispondere alle minacce derivanti, l’Italia ha sviluppato nel corso degli anni documenti programmatici e operativi che costituiscono la struttura italiana di cybersecurity.
This report published by ISPI and the Brookings Institution analyzes the challenges to international order posed by the ongoing race for technological superiority. From artificial intelligence and quantum computing to hypersonic weapons and new forms of cyber and electronic warfare, advances in technology have threatened to make the international security environment more unpredictable and volatile – yet the international community remains unprepared to assess and manage that risk.
The digital economy is massive and still growing.
The rapid development of the internet has greatly affected the functioning of the economy and digital technologies such as Big Data, Artificial Intelligence and the Internet of Things (IoT) will continue to shape the transformation of European industries. In that context, online platforms – covering a wide range of activities such as search engines, social media, e-commerce and sharing economy portals – play a prominent role as they are the most accessed websites.
Data collection is a market process that developed particularly in recent years, even though firms always needed information about their customers in order to manage their products and to create new ones, as well as to choose the best price (or prices) to apply. Until a few years ago, however, this collection was made in a “discrete” way: every time the customer came into contact with the firm, the latter collected information about the former. This contact could be a physical encounter, a telephone call, an email exchange.
With the advent of the internet, “the screen onto which people project their lives is no longer and not only their pc screen; it has enormously expanded and tends to coincide with the entire network space”, the problem is that the rules governing cyberspace’s structure and content in general, and so-called big data in particular, are increasingly clashing with the principles set out in international human rights law.
All industrial revolutions have relied on raw materials as a fuel for economic development. In the digital revolution, the main source needed to prosper and drive the market is a different one: data. Unsurprisingly, this has led many companies to collect and exfiltrate data in ways that have not always respected the privacy of consumers. In fact, companies benefited – and are still benefiting – from unregulated markets and legal loopholes in many countries.