While the summit of the world's twenty major economies is approaching, the United Nations 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development (2030 Agenda) is about to turn one year old. Seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets set the scene for economic, environmental, and social progress over the next 15 years.
Introduction Africa has been changing fast over the past fifteen to twenty years. Both the growth performances and the international image of the continent went through surprising U-turns, from widespread stagnation and pessimism to unprecedented progress and new prospects. The turnaround of economic performances began as early as the mid-1990s and led to a number of sub-Saharan countries achieving record growth rates for the better part of the following decade. Economic recovery, in turn, fostered a dramatic improvement in the way the continent was perceived and represented by the international media, where talk of ‘Africa rising’ or ‘emerging Africa’ became gradually more frequent, stimulating a growing interest in the region.
Africa’s economic development and the Sustainable Development Goals With the launch of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), in September 2015, the world shared a new commitment to a future where women and men in all countries can live a decent life with full respect for human rights and dignity. For Africa this is a special challenge due to the large number of people who daily face conditions of vulnerability. The idea of ‘sustainable development’ that led to the SDGs originated from several contributions.
The African continent is a rich mosaic of socio-ecological systems, abundant natural resources, varied agricultural production supported by tropical climates, vibrant and diverse cultures and heritage, and active and growing economic centres. However, high and enduring rates of poverty and social inequality, which have been exacerbated through legacies of neo-colonial development policy (trade liberalizations, land reforms etc.), are underlying causes of limited productivity, land and resource degradation, and the inability of those with the greatest need to fully benefit from natural resources.
Migration is sustainable when it meets the needs of countries of origin, transit and destination, while accompanying migrant populations without depleting natural and human resources Under what conditions do we consider migration sustainable? What do we mean by sustainability of migration in an age when more people are on the move on a global scale? What does this mean with regard to the specific case of the African continent? While intra-continental African migration has decreased by approximately 38% in the last 15 years, the number of people moving from one African country to another is still greater than the number of those leaving Africa for Europe by approximately 68.5%.
Africa and the Middle East are the two regions of the world with the highest conflict burden. Since the mid-1990s, Africa has gradually improved across all measurements of death and war (Figure 1). These positive changes are due to several factors, including greater regional cooperation, decreased intrastate wars, economic growth, and increased democratic governance.
The types of conflicts have also changed: from wars of independence, long term civil wars, and intrastate wars, conflicts are now due to weak governance structures and state presences which are exacerbated by religious and ethnic differences as well as to transnational crime and global governance failures.
Come i nostri lettori abituali ricorderanno, l’ISPI è stato in Kosovo lo scorso Maggio, dal 18 al 22, portando sul campo un gruppo selezionato di partecipanti interessati ad approfondire personalmente temi di grande interesse quali cooperazione allo sviluppo, post-war reconstruction ed assistenza umanitaria.
La capacità di analizzare e gestire i conflitti, siano essi scontri tra gruppi e organizzazioni o semplicemente contrasti interpersonali, è una caratteristica fondamentale per chi opera nella cooperazione internazionale.
Per questo motivo il Professor Giovanni Scotto, docente di “Sociologia dei processi culturali” presso l’Università degli Studi di Firenze, di “International Conflicts Transformation” presso la Syracuse University e collaboratore di ISPI, ha incontrato gli studenti del Master ISPI in International Cooperation per dodici lezioni incentrate sull’analisi dei conflitti, sulla mediazione e sulla negoziazione. (...)