How would you evaluate the Italian involvement and presence in Africa? Are the Italian business interests influencing its presence in the continent?
The spatial dimension of Russia is crucial in evaluating the consequences of all domestic reforms and external shocks, taking into consideration the territorial size of the country and the degree of interregional disparities. Thus, the recent global economic crisis has shown a significant degree of variation of recovery across Russia’s regions. If true economic modernisation is undertaken in Russia, in the short run it will inevitably lead to an increase of polarisation and fragmentation.
While the African Union seems to have made much progress in terms of peace and security, there is much that remains to be realized for its economic and development agenda.
The initial thrust to the foundation of the organization came also from economic issues. Not only NEPAD, but the very concept of African Renaissance entailed many development concerns that the AU has yet to realize. The results obtained in terms of an acceleration of the regional integration process cannot obscure the difficulties that the continent is facing in terms of poverty reduction and underdevelopment.