The experience of Post-Soviet security cooperation looks unimpressive compared to the successes of NATO and EU. However, the main goal of the first stage of cooperation of the former Soviet republics (1990s) was peaceful disintegration, not integration.
By creating a Common Economic Space Kazakhstan has entered a process of tight integration with the Russian Federation (RF) and Belarus, which will eventually result in the establishment of a supranational Eurasian Union (EaU). The enterprise caused a vivid internal debate since along with advantages
In 2010 President Yanukovich declared that Ukraine would be a “bridge between the West and Russia”. His first official visit abroad was to Brussels stressing Ukraine’s European choice while his first significant foreign policy act was the signing of Kharkiv accords with Russia.
In the first fifteen years following the USSR dissolution, the process of hegemonic transition in post-Soviet Central Asia was defined by a deep dichotomy between opening efforts to cooperation with the West and Russia’s constant interference in the economic, strategic and cultural affairs of the region.
In this context, the People’s Republic of China progressive penetration in Central Asia, which originated in the mid-2000s, has radically changed the dynamics of regional cooperation.
Without any doubt, Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel and her government have shaped the course of the never ending euro and sovereign debt crisis management to a very large extent.
François Hollande and Nicolas Sarkozy are often said to be deeply opposed. The first would be more inclined to maintaining public spending, which does not fit with the current European budgetary discipline policies. The second, more experienced at the helm, would have the benefit of greater credibility on European issues. This crude opposition is too simplistic to be satisfying.