Since the beginning of the twentieth century, energy has been at the centre of the international political and economic history of the globe. For nearly a century now, access to oil and natural gas has been at the heart of the geopolitics of energy, but with renewable energies and related technologies set to increasingly dominate energy supply systems, relations between states will change, while economies and societies will undergo profound structural transformations.
Il nostro Pianeta si trova a fronteggiare importanti sfide che segneranno i decenni a venire, quali i cambiamenti climatici, l’evoluzione rapida delle tecnologie e la pandemia da Covid-19. Si tratta di sfide che coinvolgono tutti e necessitano di una risposta collettiva.
Humanity has made tremendous strides in reducing poverty and food insecurity over the last decades. Agricultural productivity growth and the modernization of food systems have played an important part in this process. Yet there are several structural weaknesses and challenges for global food systems. Our food systems are unequal, unhealthy and unsustainable and the COVID-19 crisis has exposed these problems clearly.
La volontà del Presidente Biden di rilanciare il multilateralismo rischia di confliggere con il ruolo di preminenza assunto negli ultimi anni dalla Cina in alcune organizzazioni internazionali, complici il disimpegno degli USA durante la Presidenza Trump e l’influenza esercitata da Pechino su un ampio numero di Stati.
I ministri del G7 si incontrano faccia a faccia per la prima volta in due anni, prima del vertice dei leader di giugno. Sul tavolo, dalle fake news a una linea comuni contro le autocrazie, mentre India, Australia e Corea del Sud sono ospiti d’eccezione.
The digitalisation of the economy is transforming business landscapes, leading to an increased scope for automation in production and a growing role of services in global value chains. On the one hand, this digital transition could boost long-term value and productivity, helping to reduce inequalities within —and between —countries. On the other hand, it also poses critical challenges for labour markets and workers’ welfare, fueling a geopolitical competition for tech supremacy.
The US-China tech race is fueling a strategic contest over which country will set the standards and norms of digital governance. From 5G, AI, Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, and robotics to aviation, agriculture, biotech, clean tech, and satellite navigation, technology innovation is accelerating global competition. However, this requires international cooperation, too.
The Covid-19 pandemic will have many losers, but digital platforms will come out of the crisis even stronger. Physical activities like working in an office can be disease vectors, which is why they won’t rebound as quickly as trade, and their currently digitalised nature may not vanish in the medium term. Work on digital labour platforms provides workers with the opportunity to work from anywhere, at any time and take up whatever jobs suits them.
The globalization of the last two to three decades has been unbalanced – fast in the spread of finance, information, and communications technologies; slower in the liberalization of trade in goods and services; and lagging in the movement of people and the development of regulatory and other policy responses at the national and supranational levels.
Ecco le aziende con la maggiore capitalizzazione di mercato nel 2005 e nel 2020, in miliardi di dollari.
In quali paesi le valute digitali sono già lanciate, in fase di sviluppo, o in fase di studio da parte delle banche centrali?
With the development of globalisation and the course of world history, the concept of food security has transformed and evolved. From a simple interpretation as food security (notably developed by Thomas Malthus) came a comprehensive understanding of food security, meaning not just the ability to ensure biological survival, but also the availability/affordability of food, its nutritional quality and sustainability of food systems. This is the approach taken by the UN and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).