Con una laurea in Public Relations e qualche prima esperienza in tasca MariaSole si è avvicinata al mondo della cooperazione dapprima sui banchi del Master in International Cooperation dell’ISPI e poi sul campo.
Immigrazione e Mediterraneo: uno sguardo di insieme
Si è conclusa ieri a Bruxelles la conferenza internazionale per l’Afghanistan. Durante la due giorni, il capo di stato Ashraf Ghani e il suo Chief Executive Officer Abdullah Abdullah hanno incontrato i rappresentanti di 70 paesi donatori e di 30 agenzie internazionali per assicurare che il paese continui a ricevere gli aiuti necessari a fare fronte a una situazione a dir poco precaria tanto dal punto di vista economico quanto da quello della stabilità politica interna e della sicurezza.
I rapporti tra Stati Uniti e Messico sono al centro della campagna elettorale, soprattutto dal lato repubblicano, in relazione a una tematica prioritaria per i cittadini americani come è quella dell’immigrazione. In particolare, Trump ha promesso di costruire un muro al confine col Messico, pagato interamente da quest’ultimo. L’esito dell’incontro con il presidente messicano è però stato disastroso per Trump. Le discussioni “molto sostanziali, dirette e costruttive”, sono in realtà servite a mostrare tutta la sua debolezza in merito al punto centrale della campagna elettorale. (...)
North Africa is a geographically strategic region for Italy. Currently, however, the region navigates troubled waters. The Libyan crisis, the rise of the so-called Islamic State (IS), migration flows and economic and energy relations in the Mediterranean basin are key priorities for Italian foreign and security policy. On Libya, the country’s internal chaos has paved the way for the expansion of IS and further increased migration flows from the region. Turning to Egypt, until recently Italy used to be its first European economic partner. However, relations with the al-Sisi regime worsened in the aftermath of the Regeni diplomatic rift. At the same time, Tunisia is facing a difficult transition and the future of the Algerian leadership seems to be still uncertain. How is the Italian government coping with current challenges? The Vienna conference (May 16), co-chaired by Italy and the United States, aimed at finding viable options to the Libyan impasse. Over the last two years, Matteo Renzi’s government tried hard to follow a wider multilateral approach, mainly hinging upon the UN and the EU. In order to foster the Italian role in the wider Mediterranean region, Renzi sponsored Federica Mogherini’s appointment as High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR). Despite all these efforts, Italy is still struggling to cope with the many challenges in its southern neighborhood. Although the Italian government is working to escape the fate of a stalemate in the region, a way out from the crisis is still there to be found.
In June 2014 the then President of the European Council, Belgian Hermann van Rompuy, arrived in Rome on a secret mission. He was to deliver an important message to Matteo Renzi – who had replaced Enrico Letta as Italian Prime Minister just a few months before. The message was on behalf of Angela Merkel, François Hollande and Jean-Claude Juncker, winner of the recent European elections as EPP leader and incoming European Commission President.
Libya has always been among Italy’s priorities in foreign policy, if not the main item on the country’s agenda. The Vienna conference (16th May) was co-chaired by the United States and Italy. The Conference tried to give a new impulse to the solution of the Libyan crisis.
After the achievement of unification, one of the Italian political élite’s main aims was recognition of the country as a “great power” by the members of the international system. Such ambitions sharply contrasted with Italy’s political weakness, as well as with its economic and social backwardness. In spite of everything the Italian authorities began to dream of an African empire, on the model of the great European powers, which were involved in the “scramble for Africa”.
The arrival in Sicily on May 13 of 898 migrants, mainly from Egypt, Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia, marked an important new development in migration routes from North Africa to Italy. Instead of taking the sea from Libya, as is usually the case, the two fishing vessels rescued by the Italian navy in international waters started the crossing from Egypt. After few minor cases in the last two months, this massive arrival is clear evidence that the Egyptian route has officially reopened.
Sull’onda delle crescenti pressioni da parte delle opinioni pubbliche europee, in particolare nei paesi “destinatari finali” del flusso migratorio, assistiamo da mesi ad un progressivo deteriorarsi dello scenario politico-istituzionale in merito alla crisi migratoria, che sta portando alla disintegrazione del c.d.