It's hard to debate what the international community should do in Libya without considering first the real causes of the instability. Three years since the "revolution", the Libyan people are still struggling to rebuild their country, but the current security conditions and the political situation are very fragile. Militias and military councils – not the government – effectively rule the country; towns and tribes have been excluded from the reconciliation process because they are accused of being pro-Qaddafi; the Libyan society is fractured into a multitude of factions.
An Interview with Sondos Gamal al-Hosseny
By any measure, the last 16 months have been extraordinary in Libya, and by the time this commentary is issued, they will have held their first real elections since the early 1960's when all the candidates had to run as independents. Unlike the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt, Libya's required a protracted and bloody civil war between Gheddafi loyalists and the rest of the country, the interventions of the UN and NATO, and the military involvement of several nations.
Libya’s road to democracy is paved with obstacles. This wannabe-democracy has to deal not only with the lack of political institutions, state security organizations and police forces but also with the potential emergence of Islamic fundamentalists out of the chaos. However, there are many signals that permit us to be optimistic about Libya’s future. In particular, a key role in Libya’s democratization will be played by Usa and Europe, at the expenses of the other African countries, China and Russia.