Il 27 aprile i dati pubblicati dalla Bank of Korea hanno confermato che la Corea del Sud ha effettivamente mitigato le ricadute economiche della pandemia. Adeguando le restrizioni all’andamento dei contagi, il governo di Moon Jae-in ha evitato le chiusure generalizzate che per mesi hanno paralizzato la maggior parte delle economie avanzate e il Pil nel 2020 si è contratto di un punto percentuale; soltanto la Cina ha fatto meglio.
Two years after their outbreak, the 2019 Hong Kong protests call for enquiry into a new season for social movements behaviour. In addition to being one of the largest and longest sustained episodes of protests challenging authoritarian rule in the 21st century, the movement may set an interesting precedent for anti-authoritarian movements elsewhere, as it appealed to the potential of digitally enabled communication to nurture a sense of community based on collective, horizontal, and participatory decision-making.
Seventeen elements in the periodic table – the so-called “rare earths” – play a major role in the calculations and strategies of various nations. In many ways, rare earths are the vitamins of industrial society in the 21st century: they are vital to key products from hi-tech items (smartphones and monitors) to energy conversion systems (wind turbines, photovoltaic panels and electrical machinery) and even military equipment (lasers and radar). The difficulties involved in replacing them with alternative materials make rare earths uniquely strategic resources.
Semiconductors are the world's fourth-most-traded product after crude oil, refined oil, and cars.
Driven by acute shortages and growing geopolitical competition, semiconductors have shot up the EU policy agenda over the past year. Caught in the crossfire of a global trade war and exposed to the vagaries of an undiversified supply chain, Europe has understood how its strategic autonomy is dependent on these chips. Looking further ahead, Europe aims to diversify its economic structure and be at the forefront of the next generation of digital technologies.
Taiwan has long been one of the most essential actors for the global semiconductor manufacturing industry, with the world’s largest and most advanced semiconductor foundry, the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), and a top fabless integrated circuit (IC) design company, MediaTek. TSMC accounted for over 50% of the 2020 global semiconductor foundry market on top of being the only chipmaker that has mastered the 5nm chip production alongside its rival, South Korea’s Samsung Electronics.
The continued global chip shortage in recent months amid the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the role of semiconductors, their supply chain, production stages and business cycle in the global economy.
America’s 78-year-old president, Joe Biden, might not seem like the world’s most tech savvy leader. But some of his administration’s biggest policies have focused on a small but fundamentally important technology: the semiconductor. Known more prosaically as “computer chips”, semiconductors power technology of all types from vast data centers to the simplest consumer electronics. In the age of the Internet of Things, almost every electrical device has a semiconductor inside.
Semiconductors are the strategic industry of the 21st Century. They are the foundation of economic and military power. Future industries will be based on the ability to use semiconductors and software to create new goods and services. Semiconductors are also one of the most highly advanced technologies, operating at the edge of physics and material sciences, and the product of a complex, distributed supply chain centered on the Pacific Rim.
High-tech industries, from car manufacturing to computer making, from telecommunications to robotics, are increasingly reliant on semiconductors. The relative scarcity of such components has been at the core of recent bottlenecks in global value chains. Moreover, the rising demand for semiconductors by key economic powers (namely, China, the EU, and the US) is triggering a geopolitical race for the leadership in the provision and the manufacturing of these crucial technologies.
Nella periferia bolognese, a pochi passi dalla Fornace Galotti, cuore simbolico della cultura meccanica della città nel diciannovesimo secolo e attuale sede del Museo del patrimonio industriale del Comune di Bologna, sorge il Tecnopolo del CNR, recentemente salito alla ribalta delle cronache per essere la sede di uno degli otto supercomputer europei che costituiranno l’Impresa Comune per il Calcolo ad Alte Prestazioni (EuroHPC).
Hydrogen has been identified as one of the sources that could facilitate the decarbonisation due to its ability to store and supply large quantities of energy without creating CO2 emissions during combustion. In particular, hydrogen can play a decisive role in the decarbonisation of energy-intensive industries, including the air and maritime transport sectors as well as the steel and chemicals industries.